Frostbite – A Basic Overview
Frostbite is the name for damaged tissue that has been injured by extremely cold temperatures. The body’s natural ability to adjust to external temperatures, called homeostasis, aims to protect the More...
Colic refers to a condition in which babies cry inconsolably, draw up their legs, and clench their fists for prolonged periods of time. The cause is unknown. The colicky infant appears to be in great pain. The colic may happen at the same time each day, or might happen intermittently or even during most hours that the baby is awake.
As many as 1 in 5 newborn babies has colic. Colic might be caused by the reaction of an immature nervous system to the stimulating environment outside the womb or might be caused by gastrointestinal pain due to poor digestion. Babies who are breast fed are less likely to have colic than babies who are fed formula.
If your baby has colic, be sure the baby’s doctor has administered a thorough checkup to rule out possibly serious medical conditions and is aware of the colic symptoms. Babies generally outgrow colic after three months of age.
Some scientists feel that colic is probably caused by multiple factors. Babies exposed to cigarette smoke, both in the womb (when the mother smokes) and after birth, are more likely to have colic. Babies with allergies and highly anxious mothers also appear to be more likely to have colic.
Some colicky babies have an overgrowth of E. coli bacteria in their intestines, which can be counteracted with probiotics (“healthy bacteria”). In a 2007 study, breast fed babies between the ages of 2 weeks and 16 weeks who were given a probiotic supplement (Lactobacillus reuteri) cried less than those given a placebo. Stool samples from the babies revealed that those who received the probiotic had fewer E. coli in their intestines. Always consult your baby’s doctor before administering any supplements or medications.
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